As Lushan is located in a remote mountainous area, coupled with the influence of extensive and profound historical and cultural heritage and the integration of various folk cultures, it has established the current simple folk custom since the ancient times. "Friendly and trustworthy, self-disciplined and inclusive, kind and right-minded, grateful and self-reliant" is the traditional family and folk custom that Lushan people have generally adhered to for thousands of years, contributing to the simple beauty of this place.
According to the historical records, during Fan Chengda's reign in Shu, Lu You, a great poet of the Southern Song Dynasty, served briefly in Dadu County (today's Lushan County) and wrote the poem Crows Caw at Night · About East Hall of Hanjia: "As it clears up, the lychees blossom in breeze in front of the hall. In the partridges’ voice, it becomes late with fall of frost, and the drums have urged opening of the office. However, people go to bed for dreams, the letter can’t be delivered. Few cases need to be handled, and it is so free that make tea in the courtyard.” It depicts local people’s leisurely and carefree mood in the autumn, being the real reflection of the official and folk customs of Dadu County (today's Lushan County) in the past.
After the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening-up, local people have been following the Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of Three Represents, the Scientific Outlook on Development and Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and striving to implement the socialist core values. All of them have united their efforts to overcome difficulties and work for great victories in earthquake relief and post-quake recovery and reconstruction even if two earthquakes occurred consecutively. All these have forged their unshakable spirit. This is a precious spiritual wealth that will surely inspire the people of the county to concentrate and forge ahead, and constantly seize a new and greater glory.
The simple and honest folkways bring about social harmony; and long-term existence of brave and dedicated spirit creates positive energy. For a long time, social management in Lushan has always maintained a stable and overwhelming situation, and no major criminal, public security cases or mass incidents have occurred. Such the harmonious and stable social environment has made necessary preconditions for the development of Lushan.