As early as 4,000 to 10,000 years ago, Lushan has entered the era of farming. In 316
King Huiwen of Qin established Qingyi County after the Qingyi Qiang State, being the earliest
for the present Lushan County. In the 2nd year of the Yangjia reign in the Eastern Han Dynasty
A.D.), it was renamed Hanjia County, meaning to be rewarded by the Han Dynasty. In the Three
Kingdoms Period, it was named Yangjia County. In the 3rd year of the Renshou reign in the Sui
Dynasty (603 A.D.), it was named Lushan County (卢山县), later Dadu County from the Tang Dynasty to
Song Dynasty. In the 20th year of the Zhiyuan reign in the Yuan Dynasty (1283 A.D.), it was
Lushan County (泸山县). In the 6th year of the Hongwu reign in the Ming Dynasty (1373 A.D.), it was
renamed Lushan County (芦山县). This name is still in use today.
In 2019, the county had a total population of 118,238, a birth population of 1,057, and a death population of 1,328. At the end of 2019, there were 46 schools of all levels and types with 14,396 students and 1,235 faculty members. The total number of medical and health institutions in the county reaches 128 (including 4 county-level medical institutions, 4 private hospitals, 9 health centers in towns and townships, 63 private village clinics, 34 public village clinics, and 14 private clinics),
There are 4 AAAA tourist attractions: Longmen Ancient Town, Feixian Pass, and Hanjiang Ancient City. The tourist attractions within Lushan County include Lingjiu Mountain - Daxue Peak, Weita Funnel, and Longmen Karst Cave. In 2018, there were 223 agritainments in the county, providing more than 10,000 beds, including 40 star-level agritainments, and with the largest number of agritainments in Ya’an. 1 provincial boutique tourism village, 2 provincial model villages for poverty alleviation through tourism, 2 provincial characteristic tourism townships, 3 provincial business outlets for special commercial activities of rural tourism, 11 provincial rural households with satisfactory homestays, and 15 municipal model villages of leisure agriculture and rural tourism have been built.